Mobile App Development and usage:
Mobile app development has gained significant momentum these days. The app industry is growing rapidly contributing a lot to the new economy. Smartphones have become an essential part of our daily life and the use of apps have enabled the tasks to be done easily and quickly. Apps are used in several segments like retail, manufacturing, finance, and medical industry. Apps are also made for personal use like security and family. Ordering food, booking cabs, playing games and a lot more through apps is done. There is a lot of scope for aspirants seeking a career in the field of app development because mobile app developers are highly paid. So it is necessary to know about the different platforms used to develop apps.
A mobile with Android operating system will support only Android apps while the other having iOS operating system (OS) will support only iOS apps. However, hybrid apps can run on any platform.
1. Programming language
Java is used to develop Android-based apps. These apps are also made in Kotlin and C# (C-Sharp). Objective-C and swift are used for iOS-based apps. Programming in Java requires a lot of coding as compared to Swift or Objective-C. So the coding in Swift is faster but the market of Android phone platform users is still large.
The Android operating system is developed by Google while iOS is developed by Apple Inc. Apple has developed iOS specifically for its hardware like iPhone and iPad. On the other hand, there are many manufacturers of Smartphones using Android operating system like Samsung, MI, Huawei, and Oppo.
3. Deployment time
The approval process for Android-based apps to be released on Google Play store is faster as compared with iOS-based apps on Apple Store. This is because automated testing process is used to check Android apps while iOS apps need manual verification by experts. Then error-free apps are launched on the respective stores. Google allows Andriod app developers to submit modified versions of the app on the same day so the developers should submit a well tested app or else it will dissatisfy customers with errors. An iOS app should also be well-tested by quality analysts in order to avoid the risk of rejection after so much waiting time.
4. Criteria for choosing the development platform
iOS app development can be more profitable than Android app development. For a startup/new mobile app development company, iOS development would generate more revenue in the beginning. Android apps are popular where the users are located in rising markets because these users often visit app stores. Overall, the global market share of Google’s Android is much higher than that of Apple’s iOS.
5. Design Principles
iOS app design is primarily based on human interface guidelines laid by Apple but material design principle is used in designing Android apps. So it is always better to make different designs for Android and iOS apps. There are also official guidelines for Android app design which should be followed by designers.
6. Development tools
The top Android app development tools include Android Studio, Basic4android, Eclipse, Corona etc., while iOS application development is done with tools like Xcode, Jazzy, and Applyzer. PhoneGap and Xamarin are the most popular cross-platform mobile app development tools.
7. App development and launching cost
The overall cost of developing an app depends upon many things including functionality and portability of the app. The cost of developing a mobile app running on multiple platforms (hybrid app) is definitely high. Google play charges only one- time fee of $25 to launch an Android app while there is an annual fee of $99 charged by the Apple App Store for launching an iOS app.
8. Source model and OS family
Android is Linux-based and open source whereas iOS is OS X, UNIX-based and closed but it is with open source components. Google has also developed Android TV for televisions and Android Auto for cars with both having an appealing user interface. iOS was first released in July 2007 while Android’s initial release was in September 2008.
9. Available languages and app stores
The user interface for Android Smartphones is available in more than 100 languages while the same is available for iOS in about 34 languages. Besides Google Play Store, other apps stores like Galaxy Apps, Aptoide, etc are available on Android systems. On the other hand, iOS systems block third-party app stores. Only by unlocking iPhone or iPad phones, we can download and install apps other than the official Apple app store.
The mobile app development industry is growing rapidly and the future of mobile app developers is bright. It is estimated that the number of Smartphone users in the world would reach the mark of 5 billion by 2019. Android market is globally much larger than iOS. There is a bright and prosperous future in both iOS and Android app development.
Paru Saxena, Sales head at TechIngenious – A Mobile app development company in Jaipur. Writing is my passion and I am writing from the past 5 years. However, my experience lies in digital marketing and web development. I have a proven track of record in sales & business development with leading organizations. When I am free, I like to observe nature in its wide diversity of forms.