Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) are a type of surgery which is used to stabilize and heal a broken bone. You might need this procedure to treat your broken collarbone or clavicle. The surgical procedure is done with the help of orthopedic implants provided by the orthopedic products manufacturers in India.
The clavicle is a long thin bone located between your shoulder blade and ribcage. Different types of injury can damage this bone, causing it to fracture into two or more parts. Usually, this happens along the middle of the bone. Sometimes, the bone breaks near where it attaches to the ribcage, or near where it attaches to the shoulder blade.
In certain types of clavicle fractures, your clavicle has broken, but its parts still line up accurately. In other kinds of fractures (displaced fractures), the injury moves the bone fragments out of alignment.
If you fracture your clavicle, you might need ORIF to bring your bones back into place and help them to heal. During an open reduction, orthopedic surgeons reposition your bone pieces surgically back into their proper alignment using surgical instruments. In a closed reduction, a doctor physically moves the bones back into their position without surgically exposing the bone. Internal fixation refers to the process of physically reconnecting the bones. This method uses special bone screws, bone plates, wires, or nails to position the bones correctly. This prevents the abnormal healing of the bones. The entire operation generally takes place while you are asleep under general anesthesia.
Why Do You need a clavicle fracture open reduction and internal fixation?
Certain medical conditions may make fracturing your clavicle more expectedly. For example, osteoporosis increases the risk clavicle fracture in many aged adults.
You may fracture your clavicle from a direct blow to the shoulder, such as if you are in a car wreck or while playing a sport. Falling on an outstretched arm might also fracture a clavicle. In some cases, a newborn baby will fracture the clavicle during the process of birth.
Not everyone with a fractured clavicle requires ORIF. In fact, most people do not. If possible, your doctor will treat your clavicle fracture with more conservative treatments, like splints, pain medicines, and slings.
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You probably won’t require ORIF unless there is some reason your fracture might not heal normally with these conservative treatments. You may need ORIF if:
- The parts of your clavicle are significantly out of alignment
- Your clavicle broke through the skin
- Your clavicle broke into many pieces
For the above cases, ORIF can place your bones back into their proper configuration. This significantly increases the chance that your bone will heal appropriately. In some cases, you might opt not to have ORIF even if your clavicle is significantly out of alignment, because the bone usually heals correctly on its own. Your doctor can talk to you about the benefits and risks of ORIF or discuss other, more conservative treatments for your condition.
Know the risks for clavicle fracture open reduction and internal fixation?
Maximum people do very well with ORIF for their clavicle fracture. However, some rare complications do occasionally occur. Possible complications include:
- Broken plates or screws
- Damage to a vein or artery
- Nerve damage
- Bone misalignment
- Injury to the lung
- Complications from anesthesia
There is also a risk that the fracture won’t heal properly, and you will repeat surgery. the surgical procedure is done using orthopedic instruments obtained from orthopedic instrument manufacturer in India.
Your own risk of complications may vary according to the anatomy of your clavicle fracture, your age, and your other medical conditions. For example, people with diabetes or low bone mass may be at higher risk of complications. Being a smoker may also increase your risk. Ask your doctor about the risks that most effect to you.